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Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

1 edition of Assessment of environmental impacts of light-duty vehicle dieselization found in the catalog.

Assessment of environmental impacts of light-duty vehicle dieselization

by L. Forrest

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  • 31 Currently reading

Published by The Office, Available through the National Technical Information Service in Washington, Springfield, Va .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementL. Forrest, W. B. Lee, and W. M. Smalley ; The Aerospace Corporation, Eastern Technical Division ; prepared for U.S. Dept. of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Office of Research and Development
SeriesReport - Transportation Systems Center ; no. DOT-TSC-NHTSA-80-5
ContributionsLee, W. B., Smalley, W. M., Aerospace Corporation. Eastern Technical Division, United States. Dept. of Transportation. Transportation Systems Center, United States. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
The Physical Object
Pagination345 p. in various pagings :
Number of Pages345
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25843167M
OCLC/WorldCa6597205

This life cycle assessment evaluates and quantifies the environmental impacts of the production of hydrogen and transportation fuels from the fast pyrolysis and upgrading of corn stover. Input data for this analysis come from Aspen Plus modeling, a GREET (Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation) model database and a US .   Similarly, the end of a car’s life doesn’t mark the end of its environmental impact. Plastics, toxic battery acids, and other products may stay in the environment.

This life cycle assessment (LCA) evaluates and quantifies the environmental impacts of the production of hydrogen and transportation fuels from the fast pyrolysis and upgrading of corn stover. Input data for this analysis come from Aspen Plus modeling, a GREET model database and a U.S Life Cycle Inventory Database. SimaPro software is employed to estimate the environmental impacts. the U.S. light-duty vehicle market. The environmental rating methodology for ACEEE’s Green Book® is based on principles of life cycle assessment and environmental economics. The method is designed to be applicable given the limitations of data available by make and model in the U.S. market. The approach combines the.

The four proposed sustainability layers, environment, technology, energy and economy, are used in a case study to assess light-duty vehicles. The assessment includes the quantification of a set of sustainability indicators for six light-duty vehicles to compare their performance.   That study indicated that light-duty diesels could have severe effects on visibility (ref.l). For the scenario of "likely dieselization" (20% of the light-duty fleet) and "no-control" g/km particulate emission rate), a 10 to 30% decrease in .


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Assessment of environmental impacts of light-duty vehicle dieselization by L. Forrest Download PDF EPUB FB2

Assessment of environmental impacts of light duty vehicle dieselization. Final report, May March This report provides a first-level assessment of the environmental effects which might result if diesel vehicles in large numbers were produced and sold, thereby changing the mix of vehicles in the in-use fleet so that a substantial.

This report provides a first-level assessment of the environmental effects which might result if diesel vehicles in large numbers were produced and sold, thereby changing the mix of vehicles in the in-use fleet so that a substantial fraction were diesel-powered in future years. Environmental impact assessment results of the natural gas vehicle provided in Section are compared with electric vehicles and internal combustion engines using (1) gasoline with 5% ethanol, (2) average gasoline mixtures, and (3) diesel fuel.

Life cycle assessment results associated with each vehicle option are presented in this by: 2. Book Schneider, C. The report estimates the adverse human health effects due to exposure to particulate matter from power plants. Assessment of environmental impacts of light duty vehicle dieselization.

Final report, May March This report provides a first-level assessment of the environmental effects which might result if. Ricardo, Inc. A Study of Interaction Effects Between Light Duty Vehicle Technologies. Prepared for the NRC Committee on Assessment of Technologies for Improving Light-Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy by Ricardo Inc., Van Buren, Mich., February.

Environmental assessment. For the environmental assessment of a product or service, several methods are available that differ from others in the definition of the boundaries of the analysed systems, the level of detail, and the coverage of environmental effects (e.g., analysed types of emissions).

The impacts of fuel consumption by light-duty vehicles are profound, influencing economic prosperity, national security, and Earth’s environment. Increasing energy efficiency has been a continuing and central objective for automobile manufacturers and regulators pursuing objectives that range from.

Tables S.1 and S.2 show the committee’s estimates of fuel consumption benefits and costs for technologies that are commercially available and can be implemented within 5 years. The cost estimates represent estimates for the current (/) time period to about 5 years in the future.

The committee based these estimates on a variety of sources, including recent reports. Life Cycle Emissions and Cost Study of Light Duty Vehicles P. Prevedouros and L. Mitropoulos Although the FCV has a very low environmental impact, the lack of infrastructure for fueling, the expensive components that are required for its manufacturing and the price of hydrogen make it a less competitive vehicle in the short term.

Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Light-Duty Vehicle Dieselization. Published Date: Abstract: This report provides a first-level assessment of the environmental effects which might result if diesel vehicles in large numbers were produced and sold, thereby changing the mix of vehicles in the in-use fleet so that a substantial.

discussion on the impact of assumed utility factors and travel behavior. Given the historic vehicle sales, the vehicle electric range, and the effective utility factor, the total mileage driven in all-electric mode across the entire national light duty vehicle (LDV) fleet can be estimated.

Figure 2 shows the total eVMT by year in the United States. Bastani, P. Heywood, J.B., Hope, C. () A Forward-Looking Stochastic Fleet Assessment Model for Analysing the Impact of Uncertainty on Light-Duty Vehicles Fuel Use and Emissions, SAE paperSAE World Congress, Detroit, MI.

Quantitative projections of changes that could occur in the levels of environmental pollutants and in the risks to human health as a result of light duty diesel vehicles are similar to risks for using gasoline engine vehicles. This assessment uses current scientific information to identify new directions for DOE research programs.

Rating the Environmental Impacts of Motor Vehicles: ACEEE’s Green Book® Methodology, Edition rating information for every new model in the U.S. light-duty vehicle market. The environmental rating methodology for ACEEE’s Green Book® is based on principles of life cycle assessment and environmental economics.

The method is designed. Air pollution, with its ever more apparent impacts on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems is a typical “environmental ‘syndrome’ of the third generation”.

It is not reversible with relatively simple process approaches, economically measurable costs, and within a realistic scale of time and space [,]. On the way to a more sustainable society, transport needs to be urgently optimized regarding energy consumption and pollution control.

While in earlier decades, Europe followed automobile technology leaps initiated in the USA, it has decoupled itself for 20 years by focusing research capacity towards the diesel powertrain. The resulting technology shift has led to. Health effects of diesel engine emissions: proceedings of an international symposium, December/ (Cincinnati, Ohio: Health Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency, []), by International Symposium on the Health Effects of Diesel Engine Emissions, N. Clarke, R. Get this from a library. Assessment of light duty vehicle evaporative emission control technology. [Eric Ellsworth; United States. Environmental Protection Agency.

Office of Mobile Source Air Pollution Control. Emission Control Technology Division.]. National Research Council; Board on Energy and Environmental Studies; Committee on Assessment of Technologies for Improving Light-Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy; Trevor O.

Jones Description Inthe NRC released Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards. The majority of transport electrification studies, examining the demand and sustainability of critical metals, have focused on light-duty vehicles.

Heavy-duty vehicles have often been excluded. success of electric vehicles, and a continued transition to electric drive will necessitate far greater battery production. The scientific understanding of the exact environmental impacts of electric vehicles continues to evolve, and the impacts of battery production on electric vehicles’ overall emissions is an especially complex topic.THE ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF NOx AND PARTICULATE MATTER EMISSIONS REGULATIONS ON THE HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL ENGINE INDUSTRY Prepared for: U.

S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, D.C. Septem SOBOTKA & COMPANY, INC. M Street, N.W. Suite Washington, D.C. () Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Using Naturalistic Drive Cycles and Vehicle Travel Patterns Environmental Impacts of Abdominal Imaging: A Pilot Investigation Environmental Impacts of Diets: Development of an LCA Database to Link to Individual's Food Choices in the United States.